Brass piston and cylinder problem

Discussion in 'General Engine Discussion' started by gene brecht, Dec 15, 2018.

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  1. Dec 15, 2018 #1

    gene brecht

    gene brecht

    gene brecht

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    I had some bits and pieces left over from other projects and decided to make a "Frankenstein" engine, no real plans, I would make the pieces fit. I had 2 brass cylinders with 7/16 bores and a crankshaft that sort of matched. I found an old base I could adapt and lots of cut off's so off I went.

    It was to be my version of a twin cylinder spool valve engine with everything in brass apart from the base and the 7BA screws for the cylinder. I got to the point yesterday where I had the body of the engine assembled but still to make the spool valves. The bores were reamed out, pistons polished etc and the whole thing turned over just fine.

    It was running (by hand only) dry so I added a couple of drops of light oil to the bores, my nice free engine got tighter and tighter ! I took it apart and the bores were now scored along with the pistons and the slides under the pistons. I thought something must have been binding so I cleaned everything up again to the point where the pistons were as loose as I dare to go, assembled it again and it turned perfectly smooth.

    I turned it for a while just by hand and all looked good so again I added a little oil, it instantly tightened up and the bores/pistons were scored again !

    I dont know why this is happening, is it a "brass on brass problem" ? is the oil causing it to bind and pick up ? I'm only using light machine oil.
     
  2. Dec 15, 2018 #2

    Mechanicboy

    Mechanicboy

    Mechanicboy

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    Unlike material run best together, to example brass against bronce.
     
    Last edited: Dec 15, 2018
  3. Dec 15, 2018 #3

    cox24711

    cox24711

    cox24711

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    I would try annealing the pistons.
     
  4. Dec 15, 2018 #4

    josodl1953

    josodl1953

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    Best thing seems to fit steel liners in the cylinders. Surfaces of equal hardness/ materials running against each other isn 't a good idea, no matter how well they are lubricated.

    Jos
     
  5. Dec 15, 2018 #5

    Mechanicboy

    Mechanicboy

    Mechanicboy

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    "Frankenstein" engine --> which engine is this? Steam engine since you wrote brass piston/cylinder?
     

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