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Old 08-13-2017, 04:43 AM   #1
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Default PatCVT

Hello all.


In the PatCVT a sprocket or gearwheel (actually an idler) is intermeshed with "teeth" on both spans of the V-belt.
The displacement of the center of the sprocket varies positively the transmission ratio:

enabling various "modes" of operation:

Drive Mode:
The lever that holds the sprocket is released to pivot freely about the cross; the CVT runs automatically under the control of a variator in the one conical pulley and of a spring / torque cam in the other conical pulley.

Sport Mode:
Performance oriented.
A control spring pushes the lever towards the conical pulley with the spring / torque cam; the CVT continues to run "fully automatic", but it selects shorter transmission ratios.

Economy Mode:
For green, quiet, reliable, comfortable operation.
The control spring pushes the lever towards the variator's conical pulley; the CVT continues to run "fully automatic" (as in the "Drive Mode"), but it selects longer transmission ratios.

Manual Mode:
The rider / driver displaces "manually" the lever about the cross to select any transmission ratio from the available infinity, regardless of what the "variator / spring / torque cam" command.
By locking the lever at a number of discrete positions, the CVT replicates a manual gear box.

In all modes the sprocket acts as a "baffle roller" (drive belt tensioner), too.

The available space inside the CVT of many scooters (like, for instance, the Sport-City Aprilia 250cc, below) is more than what the PatCVT needs:

How it works?

With the sprocket engaged with the toothed-V-belt as in the animation, the sprocket divides the V-belt in two parts (one at left of the sprocket and another at right of the sprocket), with each part maintaining its length constant.

The move away of the center of the sprocket from the one conical pulley causes the decrease of the effective diameter the V-belt is running on this conical pulley, and the increase of the effective diameter the V-belt is running on the other conical pulley.

For more:


Manolis Pattakos

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Old 08-14-2017, 07:48 AM   #2
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You may need a few more rollers on the outside of your idler/gearshift wheel to stop the belt jumping teeth and loosing your gear ratio in relation to your gear lever. These systems don't have rigid belt tension but usually rely on spring tension to keep the belt tight. Make one and test it, it will be much more interesting to see a video of a working sample than even an animation.

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Old 08-21-2017, 12:30 AM   #3
Nick Hulme
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Despite the usual nice diagrams and fanciful modified photographs that simply doesn't work, the tension required to actuate a variable drive transmitting even fractional horsepower will cause the belt to skip teeth rather than apply the required force.
Add rollers outside the belt to prevent skipping and you have a system which will work for as long as it takes for the force applied on just a couple of teeth to strip them off the belt, which will not be long.

- Nick
W.C. Fields said "You can't cheat an honest man", he should have followed that with "But, you can always find a credulous fool if you need one"
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Old 11-22-2017, 05:25 PM   #4
Niels Abildgaard
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Default Cvt

Originally Posted by manolis View Post
Hello all.

Here is the Issue Notice for the patent granted for the PatBox CVT:

by the USA patent Office.

More at and

I have driven 200000 km Fiat Punto with a CVT and will only accept that or electric in future.
Congratulations.It is very elegant
Kind regards

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